CDS Exam

संयुक्त रक्षा सेवा परीक्षा (I), 2019 अंग्रेजी प्रश्न 1-55 – CDS Exam (I), 2019 English Questions 1-55

संयुक्त रक्षा सेवा परीक्षा (I), 2019 अंग्रेजी प्रश्न 1-55 – Combined Defence Services Examination (I), 2019 English Questions 1-55

FILL IN THE BLANK

Directions
Each of the following sentences in this section has a blank space and four words or group of words are given after the sentence. Select the word or group of words you consider the most appropriate for the blank space and indicate your response on the Answer Sheet accordingly.

Q1. How we __________ to ageing is a choice we must make wisely.
(a) respond (b) absolve
(c) discharge (d) overlook

Q2. Complementary medicine _______ fewer risks, since it is used along with standard remedies, often to lessen sideeffects and enhance feelings of well-being.
(a) reacts (b) releases
(c) ejects (d) carries

Q3. Stress may___________fertility in men and women.
(a) engage (b) reduce
(c) inject (d) deduce

Q4. The football match had to be__________because of the weather.
(a) called on (b) called off
(c) called out (d) called over

Q5. Nobody believed Ram at first but he __________ to be right.
(a) came out
(b) carried out
(c) worked out
(d) turned out

Q6. How are you __________in your new job? Are you enjoying it?
(a) keeping on (b) going on
(c) getting on (d) carrying on

Q7. We live ___________ a tower block. Our apartment is on the fifteenth floor.
(a) at (b) in
(c) over (d) above

Q8. You were going to apply for the job, and then you decided not to. So what ____________?
(a) put you off (b) put you out
(c) turned you off
(d) turned you away

Q9. _________ it was raining, he went out without a raincoat.
(a) Even (b) Since
(c) Unless (d) Although

Q10. I parked my car in a noparking zone, but I ____________ it.
(a) came up with
(b) got away with
(c) made off with
(d) got on with

SYNONYMS

Directions
Each item in this section consists of a sentence with an underlined word followed by four words/group of words. Select the option that is the nearest in meaning to the underlined word and mark your response on your Answer Sheet accordingly.

Q11. A provocative message had been doing rounds on social media to instigate the mob against migrants.
(a) dexterous
(b) inflammatory
(c) valiant (d) prudent

Q12. The differences include increase in mean temperature and heavy precipitation in several regions.
(a) drought (b) oasis
(c) rainfall (d) snowing

Q13. The portal will help victims and complainants to anonymously report cyber crime.
(a) incognito (b) directly
(c) unfailingly (d) in situ

Q14. He is suffering from a terminal disease.
(a) sublunary (b) terrific
(c) chronic (d) incurable

Q15. Doctors are reluctant to take rural postings despite big salary offers.
(a) disinclined (b) eager
(c) fervent
(d) unrepentant

Q16. The authorities have reprimanded the subordinate officer for violating the protocol.
(a) extolled (b) purported
(c) admonished
(d) required an apology

Q17. For Gandhiji, India’s religious and linguistic diversity was an asset, not a liability.
(a) obligation (b) advantage
(c) attribute
(d) reinforcement

Q18. How hysterical he is !
(a) berserk
(b) inconsistent
(c) duplicitous
(d) insincere

Q19. Mahesh is mostly prejudiced in his political opinion.
(a) objectionable
(b) predatory
(c) jaundiced
(d) intimate

Q20. Do not indulge in tautology.
(a) truth telling
(b) prolixity
(c) foretelling
(d) telepathic conversation

ANTONYMS

Directions :
Each item in this section consists of a sentence with an underlined word followed by four words. Select the option that is opposite in meaning to
the underlined word and mark your response on your Answer Sheet accordingly.

Q21. His religious views are rather fanatical.
(a) bigoted (b) rabid
(c) moderate (d) militant

Q22. Religious fundamentalists often consider the followers of other religions to be heretics.
(a) dissenter (b) believer
(c) renegade (d) apostate

Q23. According to G B Shaw, men have become inert. Therefore, life force has chosen women to perform its functions.
(a) lively (b) quiescent
(c) dormant (d) apathetic

Q24. Some of the men are highly misanthropic.
(a) anti-social
(b) philosophic
(c) atrophic
(d) philanthropic

Q25. The teacher was a very profound man.
(a) sincere (b) erudite
(c) scholarly (d) superficial

Q26. His hand-writing is readable.
(a) well-written
(b) decipherable
(c) illegible
(d) comprehensible

Q27. Mohan is his steadfast friend.
(a) committed
(b) unwavering
(c) unfaltering
(d) unreliable

Q28. Radha often goes tempestuous while debating.
(a) calm (b) violent
(c) fierce (d) vehement

Q29. The thief had very vital information to pass on to the police.
(a) crucial (b) inessential
(c) indispensable
(d) fundamental

Q30. His lectures are often wordy and pointless.
(a) diffuse (b) concise
(c) garrulous (d) voluble

ORDERING OF WORDS IN A SENTENCE

Directions
Each of the following items in this section consists of a sentence, the parts of which have been jumbled. These parts have been labelled as P,
Q, R and S. Given below each sentence are four sequences namely (a), (b), (c) and (d). You are required to re-arrange the jumbled parts of the sentence and mark your response accordingly.

Q31. the prize money/P, for refusing her/Q, Pepsico was ordered/R, to compensate the woman/S
(a) RSQP (b) SPQR
(c) RPSQ (d) QRSP

Q32. trade operating from a colony/P, held a meeting/Q, demanding a probe into the illegal drug/R, the residents of the city/S
(a) QRSP (b) SPQR
(c) SQRP (d) RSQP

Q33. the university authorities cancelled the ongoing students’ union election and/,P following students’ unrest on campus/Q, closed till further
orders/R, declared the institution/S
(a) QRSP (b) QPSR
(c) SQRP (d) RSQP

Q34. brushed past the latter’s pet dog/P, stabbed to death by a man/Q, after his vehicle accidentally/ R, a cargo van driver was allegedly/S
(a) QRSP (b) QPSR
(c) SQRP (d) SQPR

Q35. an earthquake and tsunami/P, the disaster mitigation agency/Q, said that the death toll from/R, in Indonesia has crossed 1500/S
(a) PQSR (b) RPSQ
(c) SQRP (d) QRPS

Q36. scientists say they have developed a new/P, illnesses such as heart disease and cancer/Q, DNA tool that uses machine learning to accurately/R, predict people’s height and assess their risk for serious/S
(a) PRSQ (b) RPSQ
(c) PSRQ (d) QRPS

Q37. a rare evergreen tree in the Southern Western Ghats/P, researchers have found that/Q, common white-footed ants are the best pollinators of/R, bees might be the best known pollinators but/S
(a) PRSQ (b) SQRP
(c) QSRP (d) PQRS

Q38. say from their forties onwards/P, it is thus a good idea/Q, and continue to exercise early enough/R, for senior citizens to start/S (a) PRSQ (b) QRSP
(c) QSRP
(d) PQRS

Q39. scientists have determined/P, injury in animals and humans/Q, that is linked to the severity of spinal cord/R, a gene signature/S
(a) PSRQ (b) QRPS
(c) QSPR (d) PQRS

Q40. like a muscle and repeating the process/P, and stable reading circuit/Q, helps the child build a strong/R, the brain works/S
(a) QSRP (b) SPRQ
(c) QSPR (d) RQPS

ORDERING OF SENTENCES

Directions
In this section each item consists of six sentences of a passage. The first and sixth sentences are given in the beginning as S1 and S6. The middle four sentences in each have been jumbled up and labelled as P, Q, R and S. You are required to find the proper sequence of the four sentences and mark your response accordingly on the Answer Sheet.

Q41.
S1 : He no longer dreamed of storms, nor of women, nor of great occurrences, nor of great fish, nor fights, norcontests of strength, nor of his wife.
S6: He urinated outside the shack and then went up the road to wake the boy.
P: He never dreamed about the boy.
Q: He only dreamed of places and of the lions on the beach now.
R: He simply woke, looked out through the open door at the moon and unrolled his trousers and put them on.
S: They played like young cats in the dusk and he loved them as he loved the boy.
The correct sequence should be
(a) RQPS (b) SRQP
(c) QSPR (d) PRSQ

Q42. S1: We do not know, after 60 years of education, how to protect ourselves against epidemics like cholera and plague.
S6: This is the disastrous result of the system under which we are educated.
P: If our doctors could have started learning medicine at an earlier age, they would not make such a poor show as they do.
Q: I have seen hundreds of homes cannot say that I have found any evidence in them of knowledge of hygiene.
R: I consider it a very serious blot on the state of our education that our doctors have not found it possible to eradicate these diseases.
S: I have the greatest doubt whether our graduates know what one should do in case one is bitten by a snake.
The correct sequence should be
(a) RQSP (b) PRQS
(c) QRPS (d) PQSR

Q43. S1 : The weak have no place here, in this life or in any other life. Weakness leads to slavery.
S6: This is the great fact strength is life, weakness is death. Strength is felicity, life eternal, immortal; weakness is constant strain and
misery : weakness is death.
P: They dare not approach us, they have no power to get a hold on us, until the mind is weakened.
Q: Weakness leads to all kinds of misery, physical and mental. Weakness is death.
R: But they cannot harm us unless we become weak, until the body is ready and predisposed to receive them.
S: There are hundreds of thousands of microbes surrounding us.
The correct sequence should be
(a) PQRS (b) PRQS
(c) QRSP (d) QSRP

Q44. S1: The Nobel Prize for Economics in 2018 was awarded to Paul Romer and William Nordhaus for their work in two separate areas :
economic growth and environmental economics respectively.
S6: Among recent winners of Nobel Prize in Economics, it’s hard to think of one issue which is more topical and relevant to India.
P: But there is a common thread in their work.
Q: In economic jargon, its termed as externality.
R: Productive activity often has spillovers, meaning that it can impact an unrelated party.
S: Romer and Nordhaus both studied the impact of externalities and came up with profound insights and economic models.
The correct sequence should be
(a) PQRS (b) PRQS
(c) QSPR (d) QSRP

Q45. S1: India’s museums tend to be dreary experiences.
S6: Because its better to attract crowds than dust.
P: Even the Louvre that attracted an eye-popping 8.1 million visitors last year compared to India’s 10.18 million foreign tourists, has hooked up
with Beyonce and Jay- Z for promotion, where they take a selfie with Mona Lisa.
Q: Our museums need to get cool too.
R: A change of approach is clearly called for.
S: Troops of restless school children are often the most frequent visitors, endlessly being told to lower their voices and not touch the art.
The correct sequence should be
(a) PQRS (b) PRSQ
(c) SRPQ (d) QSRP

Q46. S1: A decade ago UN recognised that rape can constitute a war crime and a constitutive act of genocide.
S6: The fact that these two Peace Laureates come from two different nations underlines that this problem has been widespread, from Rwanda to Myanmar.
P: This year’s Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to two exceptional individuals for their fight to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of
war.
Q: Denis Mukwege is a doctor who has spent decades treating rape survivors in the Democratic Republic of Congo, where a long civil war has repeatedly
witnessed the horror of mass rapes.
R: Nadia Murad is herself a survivor of sexual war crimes, perpetuated by IS against the Yazidis.
S: Today she campaigns tirelessly to put those IS leaders in the dock in international courts.
The correct sequence should be
(a) PQRS (b) PRQS
(c) SRQP (d) QRSP

47. S1: Few scientists manage to break down the walls of the so-called ivory tower of academia and touch and inspire people who may not otherwise be interested in science.
S6: Not many would have survived this, let alone excelled in the manner he did.
P: Stephen Hawking was one of these few.
Q: Around this time he was diagnosed with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, an incurable motor neuron disease and given two years to live.
R: Judging by the odds he faced as a young graduate student of physics at Cambridge University, nothing could have been a more remote possibility.
S: When he was about 20 years old, he got the shattering news that he could not work with the great Fred Hoyle for his Ph.D, as he had aspired
to.
The correct sequence should be
(a) PQSR (b) PRQS
(c) SRPQ (d) PRSQ

Q48. S1 : The climate question presents a leapfrog era for India’s development paradigm.
S6: This presents a good template for India, building on its existing plans to introduce electric mobility through buses firsts and cars by
2030.
P: It is aimed at achieving a shift to sustainable fuels, getting cities to commit to eco-friendly mobility and delivering more walkable communities,
all of which will improve the quality of urban life.
Q: At the Bonn Conference, a new Transport Decarbonisation Alliance has been declared.
R: This has to be resolutely pursued, breaking down the barriers to wider adoption of rooftop solar energy at every level and implementing net
metering systems for all categories of consumers.
S: Already, the country has chalked out an ambitious policy on renewable energy, hoping to generate 175 gigawatts of power from green sources by 2022.
The correct sequence should be
(a) SRQP (b) SPRQ
(c) PRSQ (d) QRSP

Q49. S1: The dawn of the information age opened up great opportunities for the beneficial use of data.
S6: To some, in this era of big data analytics and automated, algorithmbased processing of zettabytes of information, the fear that their personal data may be unprotected may conjure up visions of a dystopian world in which individual liberties are compromised.
P: But it is the conflict between the massive scope for progress provided by the digital era and the fear of loss of individual autonomy that
is foregrounded in any debates about data protection laws.
Q: It also enhanced the perils of unregulated and arbitrary use of personal data.
R: It is against this backdrop that the White Paper made public to elicit views from the public on the shape and substance of a comprehensive data
protection law assumes significance.
S: Unauthorised leaks, hacking and other cyber crimes have rendered data bases vulnerable.
The correct sequence should be
(a) SQRP (b) QPRS
(c) SRPQ (d) QSPR

Q50. S1: In a globalised world, no country can hope to impose tariffs without affecting its own economic interests.
S6: The ongoing trade war also threatens the rulesbased global trade order which has managed to amicably handle trade disputes between countries for decades.
P: So both the U.S. and China, which have blamed each other for the ongoing trade war, are doing no good to their own economic fortunes by engaging in this tit-for-tat tariff battle.
Q: Apart from disadvantaging its consumers, who will have to pay higher prices for certain goods, tariffs will also disrupt the supply chain of producers who rely on foreign imports.
R: China, which is fighting an economic slowdown, will be equally affected.
S: The minutes of the U.S. Federal Reserve June policy meeting show that economic uncertainty due to the trade war is already affecting private
investment in the U.S., with many investors deciding to scale back or delay their investment plans.
The correct sequence should be
(a) SQPR (b) QPSR
(c) QRPS (d) PSRQ

COMPREHENSION

Directions
ln this section you have few short passages. After each passage, you will find some items based on the passage. First, read a passage and answer the items based on it. You are required to select your answers based on the contents of the passage and opinion of the author only.
Passage – I From 1600 to 1757 the East India Company’s role in India was that of a trading corporation which brought goods or precious metals into India and exchanged them for Indian goods like textiles and spices, which it sold abroad.
Its profits came primarily from the sale of Indian goods abroad. Naturally, it tried constantly to open new markets for Indian goods in Britain and other countries.
Thereby, it increased the export of Indian manufacturers, and thus encouraged their production. This is the reason why Indian rulers tolerated and even encouraged the establishment of the Company’s factories in India. But, from the very beginning, the British manufacturers were jealous of
the popularity that India textiles enjoyed in Britain. All of a sudden, dress fashions changed and light cotton textiles began to replace the
coarse woollens of the English. Before, the author of the famous novel, Robinson Crusoe, complained that Indian cloth had “crept into our houses, our closets and bed chambers; curtains, cushions, chairs, and at last beds themselves were nothing but calicos or India stuffs”. The British manufacturers put pressure on their government to restrict and prohibit the sale of Indian goods in England. By 1720, laws had been passed forbidding the wear or use of printed or dyed cotton cloth.

In 1760 a lady had to pay a fine of 200 for possessing an imported handkerchief! Moreover, heavy duties were imposed on the import of plain cloth. Other European countries, except Holland, also either prohibited the import of Indian cloth or imposed heavy import duties. In spite of these laws,
however, Indian silk and cotton textiles still held their own in foreign markets, until the middle of the eighteenth century when the English
textile industry began to develop on the basis of new and advanced technology.

Q51. The East India Company was encouraging the export of Indian manufacturers because
(a) it was a philanthropic trading corporation
(b) it wanted Indian manufacturers to prosper in trade and commerce
(c) it profited from the sale of Indian goods in foreign markets
(d) it feared Indian Kings who would not permit them trade in India

Q52. The people of England used Indian cloths because
(a) they loved foreign and imported clothes
(b) the Indian textile was light cotton
(c) the Indian cloths were cheaper
(d) the Indian cloths could be easily transported

Q53. What did the British manufacturer do to compete with the Indian manufacturers?
(a) They pressurized the government to levy heavy duties on export of Indian clothes
(b) They pressurized the government to levy heavy duties on import of Indian clothes
(c) They requested people to change their fashion preferences
(d) They lowered the prices of the Britain made textile

Q54. Which source is cited by the author to argue that Indian textile was in huge demand in 18th century England?
(a) The archival source
(b) The scientific source
(c) The journalistic source
(d) The literary source

Q55. “New and advanced technology” in the paragraph refers to
(a) the French Revolution
(b) the Glorious Revolution of England
(c) the Industrial Revolution
(d) the beginning of colonialism

Answer Key of Combined Defence Services Examination (I), 2019 English

1 ……. A
2 ……. D
3 ……. B
4 ……. B
5 ……. D
6 ……. C
7 ……. B
8 ……. A
9 ……. D
10 …… B
11……. B
12 …… C
13 …… A
14 …… D
15 …… A
16 …… C
17 …… B
18 …… A
19 …… C
20 …… B
21 …… C
22 …… B
23 …… A
24 …… D
25 …… D
26 …… C
27 …… D
28 …… A
29 …… B
30 …… B
31 …… A
32 …… C
33 …… B
34 …… C
35 …… D
36 …… A
37 …… B
38 …… C
39 …… A
40 …… B
41 …… C
42 …… A
43 …… D
44 …… B
45 …… C
46 …… A
47 …… D
48 …… A
49 …… D
50 …… B
51 …… C
52 …… B
53 …… B
54 …… D
55 …… C

संयुक्त रक्षा सेवा परीक्षा (I), 2019 अंग्रेजी प्रश्न / उत्तर – CDS Exam (I) 2019 English Questions (56-88)

संयुक्त रक्षा सेवा परीक्षा (I), 2019 अंग्रेज़ी – CDS Examination (I), 2019 English (89 – 120)

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